What Are Signs of A Cow Giving Birth?


It must be nice to have a 9 to 5 job, with the occasional meeting or trip after hours, but farmers and ranchers are not priviledged to those hours. Calving season is a definite exception to business hours when those with livestock must play the role of midwife. This requires some knowledge about the signs of impending birth. Erica Beck shares a brief overview of some of these signs on her blog.

Background: Livestock farmers often manage herds so animals will give birth during a specific window of time. This allows for animals to be more easily watch and makes nutritional needs at different stages of pregnancy to be met. Learn more about Calving Season from the Noble Foundation.

5 Signs You’re About To Miss Supper

  • You see feet. I was going to put this last, but why not start with the most obvious? Feet means labor, labor means a calf is on its way into this world.
  • A switching tail. When a cow switches her tail, it can be a sign of pending calf-dom. Kicking at her belly, turning in circles, and other signs of discomfort fall into this category too. For those who don’t calve in winter/early spring, a switching tail is also probably related to flies. Just a scientific thought.
  • Separation from the herd. No one likes to have a kid with all their friends watching, and cows are no exception. Cattle are herd animals, and a single cow off by herself is an indication she may be ready to add to your numbers.
  • Vulva expanded. When the vulva is expanded, the cow’s body is preparing for calving. I’ve heard it called “springing” as the cow’s vulva will shake, rattle, and roll when she walks – springing up and down. I prefer to call it “loosy-goosy on the back end”, because it’s more fun. Other physical signs include mucus and the ligaments next to the tail head softening.
  • “Bagging” up. The udder of the cow will enlarge as she gets closer to calving. Some bag up over night; others bag up weeks in advance. How’s that for a window of time to be watching closer? The teats enlarging is an indication as well.

As always in the cattle business, there are no hard and fast rules. Some cows may display one, a few, or all of the above indicators in her own sweet time. Although if she never comes through on number one, then you’ve got a problem! Knowing your herd and the routines of individual cows are a big advantage at this time of year.

Read the entire post and discussion from Erica Beck at PNWRancher blog.

Have you ever witnessed an animal give birth? Is it normal for animals to have grouped seasons for giving birth?

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Ryan Goodman lives in Helena, MT and comes from an Arkansas cattle ranching family. Since growing up on a family cow/calf and stocker-calf operation, he has spent the last several years learning about farming systems across the country. A graduate of Oklahoma State, Ryan is currently working on a Master's degree from the University of Tennessee. He works continuously to share his story of ranch life through community outreach and social media, all while encouraging others in agriculture to do the same.

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Posted in Animal Welfare, Beef Cattle, Producer Information

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